Silent Hill

Silent Hill

Everyman Harry Mason searches the desolate town of Silent Hill for his missing daughter in the first of a series of survival horror titles that rely more on unsettling atmosphere than jump scares for tension.


Silent Hill's Otherworld
Silent Hill's Otherworld

Silent Hill is a third-person survival horror game developed by Team Silent and originally published by Konami for PlayStation in 1999. Set in the eponymous fictional American town of Silent Hill, the game follows author Harry Mason as he searches for his missing daughter and unravels the small town's darkest secrets along the way. Unlike prior survival horror titles such as Resident Evil, Silent Hill shifts its focus away from jump scares and "B movie" elements to emphasize the game's foreboding atmosphere and psychological horror aspects. The original Silent Hill was a critical and commercial success and went on to spawn a long-running game franchise, as well as a film adaptation released in 2006. It was re-released via PlayStation Network (for PS3, PSP, and PS Vita) in North America in 2009 and in Europe in 2011.

A reboot/reimagining of the original Silent Hill titled Silent Hill: Shattered Memories was released for Wii, PS2, and PSP in December 2009. While the reimagined game's plot is different, Shattered Memories retains the familiar cast of characters seen in the original Silent Hill.


Silent Hill uses the survival horror template popularized by the Resident Evil franchise for its basic gameplay; players must keep Harry Mason alive through a series of hostile environments by making effective use of limited resources such as ammunition and healing items. Harry must also solve puzzles and defeat several boss characters to progress through the game's story, which is mostly presented through both in-engine and pre-rendered cutscenes.


Players use tank controls to maneuver Harry from a third-person perspective as he explores the town of Silent Hill; however, the game's environments are modeled in full polygonal 3D as opposed to the pre-rendered backgrounds which were more common among its contemporaries in the genre. Thanks to its 3D engine, the player also has limited camera control and can press L2 in most areas to reorient the camera angle towards the direction Harry is currently facing. Like many later PlayStation titles, Silent Hill also supports the DualShock controller's left analog thumbstick for character movement.

Taking aim at an Air Screamer
Taking aim at an Air Screamer

Holding the Square button while moving allows Harry to run; he will become short of breath after sprinting for an extended duration, but this has no effect on gameplay. Harry can side-step left and right with L1 and R1 or perform a quick 180-degree turn by pressing both buttons at once. Pressing Down and Square simultaneously causes Harry to hop backwards a short distance, which can be useful for dodging certain enemy attacks. The X button examines objects of interest near Harry, including items and weapons that can be picked up and stored in the player's inventory; this button also allows Harry to kick damaged and prone enemies in order to finish them off.

If Harry has a weapon equipped, holding R2 readies the weapon and (if auto-aim is enabled) locks-on to the closest nearby enemy, after which pressing X will execute an attack. As a civilian with no formal combat training, Harry's accuracy with firearms is far from flawless and he will sometimes miss his targets. The player's ability to accurately shoot enemies is affected by several factors, such as visibility and whether Harry is moving or standing still.

The Circle button is used both to cancel out of menus and to toggle the flashlight in Harry's chest pocket on or off. Although being able to see in dark areas is obviously important, keeping the flashlight turned off minimizes enemies' awareness of Harry, potentially allowing players to avoid unwanted encounters with stealth. Once the map of a particular area has been acquired, pressing Triangle allows players to view that area's map. Finally, the Select button opens Harry's inventory, while the Start button pauses the game. Silent Hill's default controls can be reconfigured in the Options menu.


Harry Mason
Harry Mason

"The fear of blood tends to create fear for the flesh."

-Silent Hill's opening FMV

Silent Hill begins with an introductory full-motion video presented in the style of a television series' opening credits. The video displays various scenes and characters that appear over the course of the game; these are intercut with shots of author Harry Mason and his young daughter Cheryl as they travel by car along a dark and winding hillside road towards the small town of Silent Hill, Cheryl's favorite vacation spot.

As Cheryl naps in the car's passenger seat, Harry notices a police motorcycle unit driven by a female officer as it overtakes and passes his car. A few minutes later, Harry spots the officer's motorcycle abandoned along the road. After catching a sideways glance at the bike, Harry turns forward just in time to see the figure of a young woman step into the middle of the road and directly into the path of his car. Harry frantically swerves to avoid her, causing his vehicle to spin out before careening off the road and down the hillside.

Old Silent Hill

Some time later, Harry awakens inside his crashed car with the passenger door ajar and Cheryl nowhere to be seen. Collecting himself, Harry exits the vehicle and stumbles out into the foggy streets of Silent Hill to find his daughter. He immediately notices that snow is falling out of season and that the town itself appears to be completely abandoned. Following the sound of footsteps, Harry spots Cheryl through the fog and calls out to her, but she fails to respond and runs off into a residential alley. A confused Harry pursues Cheryl into the alleyway as the town suddenly turns very dark, forcing him to strike a match for light. His immediate surroundings soon become twisted and hellish as he winds between segments of rusted barb-wire fence caked with gore and what appear to be human remains. Realizing that he and his daughter are in grave danger, Harry tries to escape the alley only to be set upon by a group of diminutive knife-wielding creatures that trap him and repeatedly slash his flesh until Harry succumbs to his wounds.

Cybil Bennett
Cybil Bennett

The next scene shows Harry awakening inside a diner from what appears to have been a nightmare. Also present in the diner is the female police officer Harry saw earlier on the road, who approaches Harry and questions him about what he knows regarding Silent Hill's current bizarre state. After Harry pleads his ignorance as a simple tourist, the woman introduces herself as Cybil Bennett, a patrol officer stationed in the nearby town of Brahms. Harry asks Cybil about his missing daughter, but unfortunately Harry is the only other person Cybil has encountered within Silent Hill. She also confirms that all telephone lines in town are dead and even radios appear to be non-functional, prompting her to return to Brahms for additional reinforcements. Cybil warns Harry to stay indoors for his own safety, but he refuses to leave Cheryl alone to fend for herself. The officer lends Harry one of her service pistols for protection before leaving the diner, promising to return to Silent Hill with help as soon as possible.

Before heading out into the streets himself, Harry hears unusual static emanating from a pocket radio sitting on one of the diner's tables. When he approaches the radio, the windows suddenly shatter and a human-sized flying creature swoops inside to attack Harry, who manages to kill the abomination with his new handgun. Recognizing a link between the monster's presence and the sound of static, Harry grabs the radio along with a few other useful items before striking out to find Cheryl.

Old Silent Hill (Residential district)
Old Silent Hill (Residential district)

Harry first decides to check the residential alley from his "dream" for possible leads on Cheryl's whereabouts. More hostile creatures roam Silent Hill's fog-shrouded streets, requiring Harry to avoid or kill the monsters as he makes his way north to the alley. Here he discovers Cheryl's sketchbook and the words "To School" scrawled upon one of its pages. Consulting a town map he acquired at the diner, Harry concludes Cheryl has traveled to nearby Midwich Elementary School. Unfortunately he soon realizes all roads leading toward the school are blocked by impassible chasms, but more loose pages found near the west end of Matheson Street provide a new lead: "Doghouse" and "Levin St." Harry locates a key inside the doghouse which opens one of the townhouses on Levin Street; however, its back door is secured by three peculiar locks which can only be opened with three keys scattered around the "Old Silent Hill" district of town.

Harry locates each of the three "Keys for Eclipse" by referring to a marked map pinned to the townhouse's wall and exits through the dwelling's rear door, only to witness Silent Hill once again suddenly grow very dark. Making sparing use of his flashlight, Harry picks his way through the monster-infested darkness and finally reaches the school.

Midwich Elementary School

Midwich Elementary's pitch-dark interior offers little respite for Harry as he searches its classrooms, which are occupied by the same unsettling Grey Children that attacked Harry earlier in his dream. After solving the school's resident puzzles, Harry retrieves two medallions that open the doors of a clock tower located in the school's courtyard. He descends a ladder inside leading to an underground tunnel, where he climbs a second ladder on the opposite side leading back above ground. After emerging from the clock tower's basement, Harry finds himself seemingly back in the school's courtyard during a rain shower. However, he soon notices a strange circular symbol inscribed on the ground that wasn't present before.

Reentering the school hallways confirms Harry's suspicions: just as in his dream, he has somehow crossed into an "alternate" Midwich Elementary that has been twisted into a rusted and blood-spattered nightmare version of itself, complete with deadlier insect-like enemies. Though he is disoriented by the strange-yet-familiar area, Harry weaves through the reality-bending hallways of the alternate school and eventually encounters a ringing telephone. Lifting the receiver, Harry briefly hears Cheryl's panicked voice on the other end before the line goes dead. He steels his resolve and presses ahead before finally reaching the school's boiler room; here he fights the Split Head, a large man-eating creature resembling a lizard. Once the monster has been dispatched, Harry suddenly finds himself back inside the "normal" school's boiler room, where he catches a brief glimpse of the young woman he saw during his car accident before she vanishes like a ghost.

Dahlia Gillespie
Dahlia Gillespie

Still no closer to finding his daughter, Harry exits the school and hears a ringing church bell. He decides to follow the sound of the bell to its source at the nearby Balkan Church, where he is greeted by a strange-looking middle-aged woman named Dahlia Gillespie. Dahlia claims his arrival was foretold and asks Harry if he wants to find "the girl". After dispensing some very cryptic advice, Dahlia hands over a pyramid-shaped artifact she refers to as the "Flauros," telling Harry to "make haste to the hospital" before exiting the church herself. Though he is perplexed by Dahlia's words, Harry is able to reach Silent Hill's central shopping district by using a key to the drawbridge leading east across the river.

Several humanoid monsters shadow Harry as he explores Central Silent Hill, including its police station; based on some case files found inside the station, it becomes clear the local police had been investigating an illegal drug operation in town involving a hallucinogenic plant known as "White Claudia," as well as the recent suspicious death of an officer. Directly south of the police station, Harry enters the front gate of Alchemilla Hospital, his next destination.

Alchemilla Hospital

Harry scarcely steps foot into the hospital's foyer before hearing a gunshot ring out from very close by. Following the source of the noise, Harry enters an adjacent room and discovers a man dressed in a business suit, who is holding a revolver and sitting over the fresh corpse of an "air screamer" creature. The man raises his gun and fires a warning shot in Harry's direction, but Harry's panicked reaction manages to convince the man that he is not a threat.

Dr. Kaufmann
Dr. Kaufmann

The man introduces himself as Dr. Michael Kaufmann but claims he knows nothing about the current state of Silent Hill, explaining that he was asleep when the town's population suddenly disappeared. Harry once again inquires about his daughter, but Kaufmann only remarks on her slim chances for survival in such a dangerous place. After apologizing for his callousness, the doctor asks Harry if his wife also accompanied him to Silent Hill, prompting Harry to mention that his wife Jodie passed away four years prior. Kaufmann leaves Harry alone inside the examination room shortly afterward, stating that he "can't just sit around here doing nothing."

The hospital's interior appears relatively safe as Harry begins investigating its ground floor. Inside the hospital director's office, a strange red liquid can be found splattered on the floor among several shards of glass; this substance can optionally be gathered into an empty water bottle from the hospital's kitchen and serves an important purpose later in the game. By locating the key to the basement, Harry gains access to the hospital's backup generator, which re-enables the elevators; unfortunately, the main hallway doors on both the second and third floors are barred. However, as Harry prepares to exit the building, a button labeled "4F" suddenly appears on the elevator's control panel. Harry presses the button, and after a moment the elevator doors open to reveal the dark alternate version of Alchemilla Hospital.

Winding through the mouldering hallways of the decrepit building, Harry is attacked by shambling hospital staff members sporting strange, twitching growths on their backs. Gathering four colored plates scattered throughout the hospital allows Harry to enter the second floor's operating room and retrieve a key, which unlocks the storeroom in the basement. Inside the storeroom, a secret door behind a cabinet leads to a hidden sub-basement, where Harry discovers a patient room that appears to have seen recent use. Here he finds a photograph of a girl resembling the ghostly young woman last encountered in the school's boiler room, with the name "Alessa" written in the corner. Harry can optionally obtain a mysterious videotape in one of the sub-basement's other rooms, which can be viewed with a VCR on the third floor; however, the image is obscured by static and he can only make out a few disjointed words in the tape's audio.

Lisa Garland
Lisa Garland

A key in Alessa's room opens the first floor's examination room. Upon entering, Harry finds a woman cowering underneath a table. Crawling from her hiding place, she immediately embraces Harry before introducing herself as Lisa Garland, one of the hospital's resident nurses. Just like Kaufmann, Lisa claims to have been unconscious when the town's population vanished and offers no leads on Harry's missing daughter. Harry asks Lisa about the hospital's hidden sub-basement, but she only remarks that the staff were under strict orders never to enter the basement storeroom. During their conversation, a sudden severe headache causes Harry to black out as a concerned Lisa tries to help him.

After regaining consciousness, Harry finds himself alone inside the normal hospital's exam room, but he is soon met once again by Dahlia. She speaks of Silent Hill being "devoured by darkness" and tells Harry to seek the town's "other church" while handing over a green key. Dahlia also identifies the strange symbol seen in the school's courtyard as the "mark of Samael" and implores Harry not to let it be completed before abruptly exiting the room.

Central Silent Hill

Checking a phone book in the hospital's waiting area reveals the location of Green Lion Antiques, a shop accessed with the key left by Dahlia. Harry traverses the length of Central Silent Hill's foggy streets to reach the antique shop, which proves to be little more than a musty storeroom. Inside the shop, Harry pushes aside a conspicuous shelf to reveal a large hole in the shop's concrete wall.

Central Silent Hill (Shopping district)
Central Silent Hill (Shopping district)

While inspecting the opening, Harry is startled by the sudden arrival of Cybil, who reports that every road leading out of town is blocked, and that all motor vehicles are also non-functional. He again asks Cybil about Cheryl, leading the officer to explain that she did see a girl heading south on Bachman Road towards the lake, but she disappeared before Cybil could catch up. Additionally, since the road leading to the lake had been destroyed, it appeared that the girl was "walking on thin air". Harry also informs Cybil about his meeting with Dahlia, as well as her warnings about the town being devoured by darkness. Cybil decides that the bizarre old woman "must be on drugs" and briefly summarizes the local law enforcement's stalled investigations into Silent Hill's drug trafficking.

Cybil inquires about the newly discovered hole in the shop's wall, prompting Harry to explore the passage beyond by himself. Here he discovers a small chamber containing a mysterious altar and a ceremonial axe, leading Harry to speculate that his may be the "other church" mentioned by Dahlia. As Harry prepares to return to the antique shop, he is surprised by a large flame that suddenly appears on the altar. Growing concerned, Cybil eventually follows Harry through the passage and reaches the altar chamber herself, but Harry is strangely nowhere to be found.

The next scene shows Harry awakening in the alternate hospital's examination room along with Lisa, who tells Harry he was having a bad dream. He briefly wonders whether it truly was a dream before noticing that Lisa is showing signs of illness or fatigue, which she dismisses as nothing to be concerned about. Harry asks Lisa about Dahlia, who Lisa remembers as "that crazy Gillespie lady" whose child died in a fire. When Harry mentions Dahlia's warnings, Lisa reveals the dark history of Silent Hill's local cult, and how this clandestine religious order may have orchestrated the deaths of certain individuals responsible for the town's redevelopment into a resort. Apparently these "accidents" became frequent enough that some superstitious residents began to believe the incidents were the result of a curse.

Cheryl Mason
Cheryl Mason

Lisa apologizes for rambling, and the scene fades again to show Harry picking himself off the floor of the Otherworld antique shop. After "awakening" from yet another shift in reality, Harry begins to question whether anything he has experienced since arriving in Silent Hill is real, or if it could all be the result of his own mind's unconscious delusions. Refocusing on finding his daughter, Harry decides to return to Lisa at the hospital to ask if there could be another way to reach the lake.

Leaving the antique shop, Harry makes his way through the Otherworld version of the shopping district, its buildings joined by rusty gratings suspended over an endless black void. Left with no other avenues south, Harry detours through the nearby Town Center shopping mall, where he finds a stack of televisions displaying video of Cheryl pleading for her father's help. Continuing up the escalators to the second floor, Harry discovers some strange grubs feasting on a corpse. As he approaches them, the floor beneath gives way, and Harry falls into a sandy pit containing Twinfeeler, a large caterpillar which attacks him by spitting poison bile. A nearby hunting rifle aids Harry in chasing off the creature, opening a new exit from the eastern side of the mall in the process.

Harry follows the new path and eventually reaches Alchemilla Hospital once again, where he is met by a terrified Lisa who begs him not to leave. Harry asks her about any possible routes to the lake aside from Bachman road, and Lisa remembers an abandoned water works near her old elementary school connecting to a sewer tunnel that supposedly runs all the way to the lake. Although Harry offers to take Lisa along in his search for Cheryl, she declines to leave Alchemilla, expressing the notion that she feels she is meant to stay there. Upon exiting the hospital, Harry is forced into another boss battle, this time against the moth-like Floatstinger. Bringing down the flying monstrosity returns Harry to the "normal" foggy version of Central Silent Hill, allowing him to head west towards the water works near Midwich Elementary.

Resort Area

Harry reaches the water works and cuts its outer fence before climbing into the dank sewers below. Unfortunately Harry's radio does not emit static when near enemies in this area, leading to surprise attacks from a new enemy type inhabiting the sewers, the mantis-like Hanged Scratchers.

Resort Area
Resort Area

Emerging from the tunnels, Harry finds himself at the northern edge of Silent Hill's lakeside resort area, where players can engage in some optional investigation to affect the game's ending.

The first point of interest is Annie's Bar; entering this establishment triggers a cutscene in which Harry saves Dr. Kaufmann from a Mumbler monster. Harry takes the opportunity to ask Kaufmann if he knows who Alessa is, but the doctor curtly responds in the negative, after which he quickly leaves the bar. In his haste, Kaufmann also leaves behind two small items on the floor of the bar: a receipt from the nearby Indian Runner general store, and a key tagged with the number "3". Examining the receipt reveals a four-digit code written on the back.

A curious Harry heads east to the general store and uses the code from Kaufmann's receipt to unlock the door. Behind the store's front counter, Harry opens a safe containing what appear to be packages of drugs. A photo labeled "Norman's Grand Opening" and a set of delivery instructions pinned to the store's back wall lead Harry to the nearby motel; a second code included on the delivery order grants access to the motel office. Inside the adjacent garage, Harry can discover a small red vial of liquid carefully hidden inside a motorcycle gas tank, noting that the vial resembles the one he found smashed in the hospital earlier.

Suddenly a furious Dr. Kaufmann barges into the room and demands the vial, wrenching it from Harry's grasp. When Harry asks what it is, Kaufannn refuses to answer and tells Harry to stop "goofing off" instead of focusing on searching for a way to escape the town. After Kaufmann storms out, Harry realizes the doctor is likely involved in Silent Hill's drug trade, but also decides to "let him do as he pleases" and resumes his search for Cheryl.

Continuing west, Harry crosses the Sanford Street bridge only to witness the road beneath his feet transform from asphalt into the rusty gratings of Silent Hill's Otherworld. However, Harry notes that this transition between the two worlds "feels different" than his previous excursions; this is more like the Otherworld is taking over and replacing the "real" Silent Hill. Undeterred by this ill premonition, Harry continues making his way southwest toward the Lake Side pier and eventually reaches a boat docked near the pier's middle section. Cybil greets him here, having made her own way through the sewers after Harry opened the fence.


As Harry delves deeper into the mysteries of Silent Hill, it becomes clear that the quaint vacation town has a dark history - an apocalyptic cult and brisk drug trade control everything behind the scenes. It is revealed that Cheryl is actually the reincarnated half of a girl named Alessa, Dahlia's daughter, a child of vast supernatural powers who had been tortured by her mother and the cult for years so that her agony could nurture their God her womb. Alessa was understandably displeased with getting the short end of the stick in this situation and thus used her powers to destroy the town and manifest the monsters that stalk Harry throughout the game.

In the game's climax, Harry must fight Alessa and the deity inside her, whereupon their defeat the player sees one of the games five endings based upon their actions.

  • "BAD" Ending: Both Cybil and Kaufmann die, with the entire game revealed to be a dying dream of Harry's.
  • "BAD+" Ending: Kaufmann dies and Cybil lives, with Cybil and Harry escaping the town after Alessa disappears.
  • "GOOD" Ending: Kaufmann lives and Cybil dies, where Kaufmann is revealed to have been partners with Dahlia. Harry finds Alessa/Cheryl reborn again and decides to raise her a second time. This is the canonical ending.
  • "GOOD+" Ending: Both Cybil and Kaufmann live, identical to the GOOD ending but featuring Cybil going off with Harry and the reborn Alessa.
  • A hidden joke ending in which Harry is abducted by aliens.

In both "good" endings, a monstrous Lisa appears to drag Kaufmann down into a pit.


No Caption Provided

Just as significant as its characters and story are the environments contained within the town itself. The town’s many environments range from city streets, an elementary school, a hospital, and much more. Future games explore more areas of the town.

Perhaps most importantly to the game's atmosphere is the “Hell” side of Silent Hill, known as the Otherworld. Triggered by certain events, and heralded by a siren, this version of Silent Hill is practically the same area but with a far darker overtone that transforms before the player's eyes. Walls can be seen seemingly melting and/or rusting away, exposing horrific sights ranging from blood to the silhouettes of creatures not present before.

Development & Re-Releases

The game was shown for the first time in 1998's E3 show held in Atlanta, GA in the form of a trailer.

Outside of Japan, Silent Hill had problems passing censors due to a specific monster design of the "Grey Child". The questionable design that caused the controversy was the killing of a nude, knife wielding, child monster found in the school areas of the game. To pass censors, the "Grey Child" went through two design changes in the North American release, resulting in a larger, faceless version of the creature. It took four design edits before the European version would see a release, with the "Grey Child" eventually just being taken out of the game entirely, and replaced with the "Mumbler" monster.

On March 19, 2009, Silent Hill became available for download from the European PlayStation Network store of the PlayStation 3 and the PlayStation Portable. However, the game was removed two days later due to unknown reasons. It was re-released on October 26, 2011. Silent Hill was released on the North American PlayStation Network on September 10, 2009.

Silent Hill was a success with critics and players alike upon release, leading to sales that warranted inclusion in PlayStation’s Greatest Hits line of re-printed titles.


The Original Soundtrack cover.
The Original Soundtrack cover.

The Silent Hill Original Soundtrack is composed by Akira Yamaoka.


  1. Silent HIll (2:47)
  2. All (2:06)
  3. The Wait (0:09)
  4. Until Death (0:51)
  5. Over (2:04)
  6. Devil's Lyric (1:26)
  7. Rising Sun (0:57)
  8. For All (2:39)
  9. Follow the Leader (0:52)
  10. Claw Finger (1:32)
  11. Hear Nothing (1:33)
  12. Children Kill (0:19)
  13. Killed by Death (1:25)
  14. Don't Cry (1:29)
  15. The Bitter Season (1:26)
  16. Moonchild (2:48)
  17. Never Again (0:45)
  18. Fear of the Dark (1:13)
  19. Half Day (0:39)
  20. Heaven Give Me Say (1:47)
  21. Far (1:14)
  22. I'll Kill You (2:52)
  23. My Justice for You (1:21)
  24. Devil's Lyric 2 (0:25)
  25. Dead End (0:17)
  26. Ain't Gonna Rain (1:12)
  27. Nothing Else (0:51)
  28. Alive (0:33)
  29. Ever Again (1:01)
  30. Die (0:56)
  31. Never End, Never End, Never End (0:46)
  32. Down Time (1:38)
  33. Kill Angels (1:16)
  34. Only You (1:16)
  35. Not Tomorrow 1 (0:48)
  36. Not Tomorrow 2 (1:38)
  37. My Heaven (3:17)
  38. Tears Of... (3:14)
  39. Killing Time (2:52)
  40. She (2:33)
  41. Esperándote (6:24)
  42. Silent Hill (Otherside) (1:38)


  • Lisa Garland's last name is a reference to Judy Garland, the actress famous for her portrayal of Dorothy Gale in the 1939 film "The Wizard of Oz". Additionally, the three "Keys for Eclipse" needed to reach the school are engraved with a lion, a woodman and a scarecrow, referring to Dorothy's traveling companions: the Cowardly Lion, the Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow.
  • Cheryl Mason's first name was taken from Twin Peaks actress Sheryl Lee.
  • Dr. Michael Kaufmann's name is a combination of the names of two individuals: Lloyd Kaufmann and Michael Herz, the dual founders of American independent film production and distribution company Troma Entertainment.
  • A motel in the resort area is owned by a "Norman," the same first name of the motel owner in the film "Psycho".
  • The word "REDRUM" ("murder" spelled backwards) can be found on a garage door in a reference to the film "The Shining."
  • Several roads in Silent Hill are named after well-known American horror or science fiction authors, including Richard Bachman (Steven King's pseudonym), Kit Craig (Kit Reed's pseudonym), Ira Levin, James Ellroy, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Dean Koontz, Richard Matheson, Michael Crichton, Ray Bradbury, Carl Sagan, F. Paul Wilson, John Sandford, Dan Simmons, Jack Finney, and Robert Bloch. Two famous English authors, Colin Wilson and Mary Shelley, are also referenced in this way.
  • Midwich Elementary School and Midwich Street are references to the novel "The Midwich Cuckoos," which was the basis for both the 1960 and 1995 versions of the horror film "Village of the Damned".